The History of Football Goal Posts
The football goals used in the modern game have evolved greatly since the original laws of the game were drawn up.
The 1848 Cambridge Rules stated that a goal should be awarded when the ball passed between upright posts and a string. No reference was made to the width or the height of the goal posts.
In 1863 the newly formed Football Association drew up their rules which declared that the goal posts should 24 feet apart, this ruling still remains in place in today’s modern game.
However, there were still no measurements given for the height of the goal. A goal could be scored at any height as long as the ball passed between the posts. This gave cause for many arguments during games. Was a goal scored? Did the ball pass between the posts? Teams could just not agree.
The string crossbar used on the original goals was replaced by tape for the first ever FA cup final in 1872. The crossbar was finally made compulsory in the FA rules of 1882, which specified that it should be at a measurement of 8 feet above the ground.
England’s 1955 team stand in the goalmouth at The Valley Ground ahead of a game against Denmark
However the accuracy of the goal came in to question once again in 1888. In the 4th round of the FA Cup Crewe Alexandra drew with Kensington Swifts 2-2. After complaints from Crewe that one crossbar was 2 inches lower than the other the game was awarded to Crewe.
The height and width of the goal posts were fixed but they still had nothing to capture the ball once a goal has been scored. The introduction of football nets did not happen until 1891 and was first used in a FA Cup final in 1892.
The round or spherical posts used in today’s game are a relatively new introduction. Square posts were only banned by FIFA in 1987.
In the 1976 European Cup Finals between Munich and Saint Etienne the square posts used at Hampden Park caused great controversy. With the game poised at 0 – 0 Saint Etienne midfielder Dominique Batheney broke clear and beat Munich goalkeeper Sepp Maier with a shot only to see it come back off the square crossbar. Shortly after, they hit the crossbar for a second time from a Jacques Santini header.
Saint Etienne claim that it was the shape of the square crossbar used at Hampden Park that prevented the goals. The posts were dubbed “les poteaux carrés” (the square posts) by Saint-Etienne supporters. Bayern Munich went on to win the game 1- 0
Modern football goals are constructed from extruded aluminium or steel sections and comply to strict safety laws. FIFA have recently trialed goal-line technology integrated into the goal post to finally put an end to disputed goals. The modern goals have certainly come a long way since their introduction.